Monday, March 2, 2009

Strategy for Investment

So very often have I come across a query from various Long term investors asking whether this is the ultimate market bottom & from when should they start investing in such volatile markets?

This is the question to which no particular person can find an accurately reply on a consistent basis. It is better not to attempt to TIME the market for its entry or even exit. Buying & Selling should be done in a systematic manner & one must ensure that they do not resort to bulk dealings in any particular transaction during a concentrated period of time. Diversification of portfolio is yet another issue to be taken into account while investing, which we shall discuss in some other post.

Strategy for Investment:
(A) Buying in small quantity on larger Dips
(B) Selling in small quantity on larger Rise


(A) Buying in Small Quantity on larger Dips:

At the Onset of the Bear Phase:

This strategy is very useful, more so, during such markets emanating bearish patterns, wherein investor should protect themselves from the vagary of timing the markets. Often during such turbulent market conditions, investors start entering markets on a little or a small correction, witnessed from their peaks & start pouring with their funds in the markets which are still to come down substantially. They feel that, like most of the times, markets will correct marginally & again bounce back; and consequently they may lose the opportunity to invest their good money.

Staggering the flow of Funds:

In such circumstances, strategy like BUYING IN SMALL QTY ON DIPS helps investors in not attempting to time the market entry. Investors should stagger their decisions over a period of time instead of buying on a fall of every 3-5%. Continuous watching of screen is, often, the main culprit in such rather early averaging process. Instead, investors should divide their cash intended to be invested into 3-4 parts & invest them at larger dips (say, around every 15-18% for large-caps & 20-30% fall for mid-caps) at various price points, thus averaging sensibly. This strategic division of cash will ensure that the averaging is done not at small & frequent dips, but at larger fall- as the whole part of the divided cash will be used for one by one buying at different price points & time intervals.

Preserving Cash initially but Slowly Deploying it in falling Markets:

What Buying in small qty will ensure is that the investor does not run out of his cash money at a particular point of time at higher levels & that he would also be able to Average out if the money is sensibly apportioned over a period of time with different price points in strategic approach. On the contrary side, the same strategy will also ensure that the gullible investor does not have to hunt for that ultimate bottom & in the process lose out buying good stocks & right valuations. The best part of this strategy is that it does not demand huge cash reserves at any single point of time... as the buying decision is deferred over a period of time. This process is called more of an "Accumulation" rather than flat "Buying". Someone has rightly said, "Investing is an art".

Example of Implementing Strategy:

Suppose an investor Mr.X has Cash worth Rs.50,000/-. He owns 10 shares of RIL @Rs.2700/- which were bought once markets started melting down from its peaks. Later the stock stabilized at Rs.2300/- for a few months. Mr.X bought another 10 shares for averaging purpose & bring down his cost. His average of both, old & new holdings of RIL, would now work out to 20 shares @Rs.2500/-. But, later the markets came down further on global recession news & RIL came down to Rs.1800/-. However, Mr.X could do nothing but watch the falling prices of the counter & diminishing mark-to-market value of his investment in RIL, as he had already blocked all his cash by investing most of them at higher levels.

By using the strategy of 'Buying in small quantity on larger dips' as explained in this article, Mr.X would have benefited by averaging in a better manner & further bringing down his cost of acquisition in RIL on every larger dip in price, albeit with the same amount of Rs.50,000/- held by him for investment in RIL as follows:

As mentioned earlier, Mr.X originally held 10 shares of RIL @Rs.2700/- when markets started melting down from its peaks. On using the strategy of 'Buying in small quantity on larger dips', he would have further bought 3 shares @Rs.2300, 3 more shares @Rs.1800/- & last lot of 4 shares @Rs.1300/-. To sum it up, his new average would have turned out to be 20 shares @Rs.2225/-, which would be lower than his earlier average of Rs.2500/- had he not used the strategy.

Net Saving Effect:
Initial Cash Balance: Rs.50,000/-
Investment in RIL by using Strategy: 20 shares x Rs.2225= Rs.44500/-

Calculating Rs.50,000 initial cash balance - Rs.44500/- cash invested in RIL = Rs.5500/- as Cash balance which was a 'SAVING' effect of lowered average of acquisition cost in RIL, obtained by basing Buying decisions on strategy of 'Buy in Small Quantity on Larger Dips'.


(B) Selling in Small Quantity on larger Rise:

Getting light very Every Bout of Selling:

This strategy can be used at any period of market cycle, whensoever an investor is sitting on substantial profits & more so in raging bull run scenarios. SELLING ON RISE IN SMALL QTY is exactly the opposite of Buying on dips strategy but the basics remain the same - using 'strategy' while investing. This strategy involves getting light with every bout of market up move & thus minimizing risk & generating more cash in the process to get equipped with any downturn in the near future, if any.

Tackling Pre-mature Hitting of Targets:

Often in bullish market conditions, the targets set by long-term investors either get easily achieved before expected time frame or such stocks can move lot more than the targets actually set by investors, due to market mania. This strategy of Selling in small qty on rise serves this purpose very well in which the investor sells in small quantity, like selling the stock in 3-4 phases, instead of selling all the stocks at once since the set target of the investor is achieved..

Minimizing Risk with every Stock Hair-cut:

How this will benefit the investor is that- once the actual target is achieved, the investor would usually get rid of 70% of the stocks held & ride the momentum with the remaining 30%; in the process-- the investor cuts the majority of his risk by selling the larger 70% of stocks & that much cash redeemed as well. This way the investor can, if strategy is used sensibly, get on to sell the stock at much higher prices than expected and targeted & benefit by part selling. The best part of this strategy is that it not only induces u to book part gains on rise, but also raises cash for the times to come.



Summary:

BUYING IN SMALL QTY ON LARGER DIPS:
1) Never run out of cash as they are divided into various phases & invested on major declines.
2) Strategically averaging at lower levels on dips.
3) No need to time (hunt for the illusive bottom) for buying stocks.
4) Reduces the amount of speculation needed.
5) Buying decision deferred over a period of time and hence no need of funds.

SELLING IN SMALL QTY ON LARGER RISE:
1) Getting risk free with every bout of sale of stocks & still ride the momentum with remaining shares held.
2) Generating more cash with every phase of sale & get equipped for the next phase of downturn.
3) Possibility of getting more returns (yet risk free) than actual targets set on staggering selling decisions.
4) Cooler mental state, with the speculation factor reduced with systematic use of strategy.


Investors should note that these two strategies are not the only points to be considered while finalising one's decision on investments. These are just 2 of the core aspects highlighting the importance of use of strategy while making investment bets. But, what the above 2 strategies facilitates investors is that it lessens the speculative factor involved in the process of dealings as the decisions are provoked by strategic calls rather than emotive calls. It also helps investor to remain away of mental agony caused by high beta market fluctuations in turbulent market conditions. To conclude, Investing is an Art which gets refined if coupled with Scientific decisions.


A Request to Readers:
Readers are requested to post their views/queries/suggestion in the below given 'Comments' section. They can share their thoughts, positive or negative, through this interactive 'Comments' section which will make the blog much more interesting for the readers themselves, in gauging the response to the article & knowing different view points of various investors/traders.

Disclaimer: All data, content and/or reports posted by Viral Rajnikant Dholakia on this site are only for information and educational purpose of visitor/readers of this blog. It does not constitute to be a recommendation/offer/advice to buy or sell assets/securities in any form. Individuals/organizations are requested to take an informed call by consulting their Financial Advisor before acting on any matter/data published on this blog. This blog does not warrant of any kind of accuracy, adequacy and completeness of data, ideas or thoughts published in it. This site and Viral Rajnikant Dholakia assumes no responsibility or liability or loss or damage of any nature for your trading and investment decisions and its consequent results.

29 comments:

Anonymous said...

Nice one. Thanx!

Sunil said...

Dear Bull,

What an information,thanks a lot...
Good work...

paddy said...

Dear Bull
Very nice and informative me and a lot of learning.
I am not sure whether you will address individual stocks here. If YES I want to know your opinion of the following stocks. The prices are going down constantly and that makes them attractive buy. in my opinion. What is your expert comment?
- MicroTechnologies
- Sujana Towers
thanks
Venu

BULLS said...

Dear Mr Paddy (Venu),

Definitely, i will pursue stock specific postings & comments both, where ever i feel the need for doing so. It's not just about general blogging.

Unfortunately, i don't track both the stocks mentioned in your query. So, is not correct to pass my comments/judgement on them as both the stocks being out of my track list. Hope to address your some other query next time.

-BULLS

Mahesh said...

BULLS,

Glad to see you :).

StockMarketGuide.in reader and your avid comment/post reader.

Hope to see you for long term.

Thank you.

mohit said...

Great Post Bulls you are really helping allot to new investors like me thanks allot

mohit said...

Bulls,

Cant see feedburner?

Anonymous said...

Great piece of info . Such a form of staggered approach to equities requires discipline and application of thought which people learn after gruelling years in the market and yet you have put it such simple terms.

Doctor_Vasani said...

Dear Bull,

Congratulations and Best Wishes for your new Blog.

Excellent and Very informative article on Strategy for Investment.

Looking forward for such useful information at your new blog.

Keep it up... & Thanks for sharing such invaluable information with us.....

Shabu's said...

Dear Bulls,

Excellent!!! and best wishes for your new attempt as well. Keep it up!

Antriksh Patel said...

Nice beginning. Keep it up.

Antriksh Patel said...

Tremendous growth stocks
- Sesa Goa
- Larsent and Tubro
- Moser Baer
- Educomp

H Lopes said...

Hi Bulls,

An excellent topic to start with. Quite helpful for a new comer like me. I hope this will be another 'StockMarketGuide.in'
However, waiting for your blog on 'Diversification of portfolio'

congratulations on your new blog and all the best

Shalu said...

Dear Bulls, I have already started doing what you suggested in our last interaction, started buying in small quantities.
All the best for your new blog

BULLS said...

Dear All,

Thanking all the above readers for their encouraging 'Comments' on this new blog.

Hope to come true to all your expectations in future.

-BULLS

amrin said...

Hey Bullss...
Great to see your Blog...
you deserves it...
Thnks...

Agnit said...

Hello Bulls
its really nice to see your Blog...
Hope to get an another Post from you
soooon....

Thankssss

Anonymous said...

Why take pain in starting new blog? We have had enough of blogs and website and not a single analyst or blog or website caution ppl against Financial tsunami-- You are better off from such blogs or financial analysts.These strategies " Averaging " etc are all hogwash. Look at Warren Buffet,he has also given up.Worst is yet to come.Its long long bear market with intermediate small rallies.But capital markets & financial market world over has changed for good and things will never be same again.

Shabu's said...

Dear Anonymous,

I strongly disagree with your views. People also there who warned about the possible crash. We did'nt paid attention at the time was a different issue. The best ever example is Dr Krishna's Post on January 18, 2008 in stockmarketguide.in. He warned the investors in an aggressive way. But unfortunately the blog is not active now.

And I don't think Warren Buffet's moves in US will affect much on other's strategies.

Dear Bulls...
Keep your good work... I have placed a link to your blog recommending this strategy.

Best Wishes

Anonymous said...

Dear Bull,

Good work and nice work.But i feel market is heading down.This is not the right time to invest.I see sensex below 5000 in few months.Dow Jones @ 4500-4800 & S&P500 below 500.

Anonymous said...

why relcapital is falling? will it recover or cross 1500 (at least?? if not 2600???).

I hold 500 relcap @ 1044

BULLS said...

REFERENCE: Comment from Ananymous.


ONE OF THEM SAID:

"You are better off from such blogs or financial analysts."


MY VIEW:

Don't look at every blog/site as sources of 'Tips, Alerts & Recommendation'. Blogs can also be a medium of spreading information. We've so many Business newspapers/magazines; does that mean all are meant to give tips & calls? Not really, most of them act as source of information through articles and reports. Though, some also dispense 'Recomemndations'. It is wrong to see such sources of media as 'Eye-opener agencies'.

Information will be dispensed from various sources, you have to use your own bit of little research & chart out the course for yourself as to next market movement.

At any given point of time, there can be 2 divergent views on the markets by different Analysts. For every 'Seller' there is a 'Buyer' - that's because people have different views & expectations from the markets.

I request you to take the creation of the blog as positive & not the other way round. Sometimes blogs can also be useful in collecting information, enhancing thought process, determining different views, analysing from various aspects, developing strategies, etc.

By limiting your view to 'Tips & Recommednation', pls dont narrow down the scope of reachibility of this blog.

-BULLS

BULLS said...

Dear Mr.Shabu,

Thank you for the encouraging words. Hope i come true to your expectations in future.

-BULLS

BULLS said...

REFERENCE: Query from Anonymous


HIS QUERY:

"why relcapital is falling? will it recover or cross 1500 (at least?? if not 2600???). I hold 500 relcap @ 1044"


MY VIEW:

Reliance Capital is a fast growing business Non-Banking Financial Company having wide presence in Asset Management, Mutual funds, Life Insurance, General Insurance, Stock Broking, Depository Services, Consumer Finance & carious other Financial products.

This ADAG group owned Financial Company has a well-diversified presence in the Financial space other than Banking. However, the company can be categorized under higher end Mid-cap Company with fast emerging prospects.

Since the company is in a fast growing stage, the stock price would react & move at a lightning speed during the sanguine times of bull phases. But, the stock prices of such companies ought to be affected in a negative way during times of turmoil & bear phase.

Also, by now, it is no strange fact that the origination of the current tsunami has its seeds in 'Financial sector' abroad. And, we also have seen a sharp meltdown in the stock prices of Finacial stocks including Banking sector as well. Usually, financial stocks, during such pessimistic times, stand the risk of rising NPAs from their loan portfolio.

With the recent entry of Reliance Capital in the Broking space, around the time of Reliance Power IPO, the company is now also fraught to risk by falling volumes on stock bourses on the back of wave of pessimism.


CONCLUSION:

The stock has corrected on expected lines on the back of market crash, looking at the 'High risk - high Return' category that the stock is falling in.

Though, the stock seems to have corrected a bit too much looking at the peaks of Rs.2600 or little more that it had established during the bull phase.

Dear Anonymous, your cost of acquisition for shares in Reliance Capital is @Rs.1044; and your expectation of Rs.1500/- may not be satisfied for some more time to come, unless the markets continue to linger in the bear phase, at least not in next 1 year.

Though, eventually, there is every likelihood that the stock may as well surpass its established peaks of Rs.2600-2800, but that during the next bull phase. And for that we can easily call it a long wait out, as of now.

-BULLS

Anonymous said...

hey Antrikish patel,

sesa goa & l&T are good stocks.But for God Sake avoid Educomp & Moser bear-- both are 'gutter stocks'.

Sunil N. Karande said...

Dear Bull,

Thanks for the good post..good work keep it up.

We hope that we will see some valuable post from you in the future..good luck.

mohd said...

Hello Bulls.
your first write up was excellent.
you have rightly said about
strategy of investing. thank you.
keep your good work.... what is
your opinion about Moserbaer. this
stock now started correcting more.
Dr Krishna strongly recommended
this stock for long term, but body
called it Gutter stock. what is
prospectus.

Balaji WealthCare said...

My Dear Bull

Its great to see your opinion and recommendation on such an organized manner. They are very informative and shows the preparation done for writing them.

B Jitu

B Jitu said...

Congrats Viral on putting up such a brilliant analysis of the market. keep the good work going.